Professor Julian Eugeniusz Kulski, “hero of the Warsaw Uprising, architect of the World Bank, academic lecturer and unquestionable authority of several generations of Poles, passed away yesterday” at the age of 92 years old, announced his foundation on Twitter.
He was born in Warsaw on March 3rd, 1929 was the son of Julian Spitosław Kulski a stateman, vice president of Warsaw during the famous Stefan Starzyński.
During the WWII, Julian Eugeniusz Kulski was an active resistant in several underground groups, first ZHP, following by the Szarych Szeregach where his superior was Ludwik Berger with the nom de guerre ‘Goliat‘. in 1941, he entered the Związku Walki Zbrojnej (Union of Armed Struggle) under the war name of „Chojnacki”. In 1942, he was arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned in the horrific prison of Pawiak where he did not disclose any information. Released, he left the Capital for a short time. Ludwik Berger was killed, he adopted his nom de guerre ‘Goliat’ and joined the Home Army ‘Żniwiarz’ and took part in the Warsaw Uprising as a soldier of the ‘Żywiciel’ Group in Żoliborz.
For his courage in the battle, he was awarded to the Military Cross of Valor. He was sent to the Stalag XI-A Altengrabow POW camp, from which he moved in May 1945 to the Allied transit camp. He moved in Great Britain, where he asked for asylum. He was included in the Polish Armed Forces for a short time due to health conditions issues.
Graduated from Portora Royal School in Northern Ireland before being enrolled at the School of Architecture in Oxford. Jan Nowak-Jeziorański helped him to move to the USA in 1949 where he studied architecture at Yale University. Graduated in 1953 with a master’s degree in architecture, he became a member of the American Institute of Architects. Since, he worked as World Bank expert in Asia, South America, Africa and Europe, supervising architectural projects financed by the World Bank.
He was awarded several times:
- Commander’s Cross with the Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta for outstanding contributions to the independence of the Republic of Poland and for the transmission of Polish national traditions
- Commander’s Cross with the Star of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (2007)
- Silver Cross of Merit with Swords
- Warsaw Uprising Cross
- Home Army Cross
- Commemorative Medal on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising (2015)
- Badge for Wounds and Injuries
- Cross of the Grand Officer of the Order of Merit of the Order of Malta
- and many others…